These Himalayan quartz crystals are found at very high altitudes, usually relatively close to the surface, which is why only simple hand tools are used for extraction.
The lifespan and formative history of a quartz crystal can be difficult to gauge. The Himalayas are considered a relatively “young” mountain range but these crystals form in pockets deep beneath the surface, which remain contained while slowly rising upward with the formation of the mountains.
These crystal "pockets" were previously far below sea level and finally they are pushed upward to arrive at nearly 5000 meters altitude in the Himalayan mountains. This process takes millions of years! Consider that the Himalayas formed over approximately 50 million years and the Himalayan tectonic land plate is currently shifting at an average of 1-2 cm per year.
The miracle is, that on their journey to the surface they remained relatively untouched and intact in nature. The matrix where they form is enclosed in a pocket/fissure of extremely hot liquid matrix, but by the time they are unearthed, this liquid matrix is no longer an active part of the cavern and only clay and other iron-relative minerals are left surrounding the crystals. Many quartz crystals are still attached to a larger “cluster” or family of stones, the environment looks much like a giant muddy “geode”. Often the points are facing downward or to the side and they must be wiggled free from the clay.
Himalayan quartz crystals may still be attached to the matrix, and other crystals have already broken free from the matrix when found. This is due to the earth's tectonic movement: earthquakes! In rare cases, crystals may be independent "floater crystals" with complete body, and no point of attachment to the matrix. Often these are (DT) Double Terminated Crystals.
Because of the constant shifting and movement of the Earth and the long slow process of mountain building/moving, in fact, if these crystals were not found by the hand of man, they would eventually be pushed out. Like the petals of a flower gone to seed, they would one day tumble down that mountain and make the long journey by foothills, valley and river, to return to the sands of the sea and start the whole process over again. It is a magical moment to rescue them, so close to the Earth's surface and complete in their natural perfected form.
The Himalayas of India are lively and birthplace of many gifts of wisdom and treasure. In fact, the entirety of the Himalayas, spanning many countries has proven to be very active and therefore abundant in her offerings.